Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That?

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some images are links to internal reference pages, some of those, like the ENSO meter, are kept current so are doubly useful. Anthony's lists of other blogs and writings is unique in some go to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the date, title, number of comments, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

The list below has the posts for the last two weeks and are a good way to see which posts have active discussions.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2019 Dec 4410,764,970
My #COP25 video presentation 33
The Anti-Greta 1313
Why Worse Wildfires? Part 2 2626
Some thoughts and photos from #COP25 in Madrid- What “climate emergency”? 8787
Et Tu, Bloomberg? 3030
Please Send Cash: UN Demands $29 Billion for 2020 “Extreme Weather” Humanitarian Aid Programmes 6868
Climate Crisis: “We have got to reduce the manufacture and use of Milk Formula” 8888
Are Stagnant Academic Standards Related to Fear of Climate Change? 7373
“How dare you!” Will Happer “calls methane ‘irrelevant’ to climate”. 9595
WUWT index page for 2019 Dec 3410,652,966
Democrats fly to Madrid to conceal Paris Agreement’s colossal failure from Americans 3733
Claim: Delaying Climate Action Could Threaten Democracy 10749
Principled Inaction in the Face of Climate Change Extremism. 5912
Early snow cover record set for USA – a foot of snow in 25 states! 12444
Oxford Word of the Year: “Climate Emergency”… Seriously? 7610
Study shows link between precipitation, climate zone and invasive cancer rates in the US 707
Glancing Back 1814
Vladimir Putin Endorses Elizabeth Warren… Sort of… 9116
WUWT index page for 2019 Dec 2410,533,130
An anti-climatic response to #okboomer and #COP25 6710
Claim: Climate Change Causes Premature Births 511
LIVE NOW: Live Stream Climate Alarmism Rebuttal from #COP25 744
Yes, eating meat affects the environment, but cows are not killing the climate 914
Energy Returned on Capital Invested: Ohio “Shale” vs Green “Schist” 1222
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #388 50
Animals could help humans monitor oceans 180
British yacht skipper, 26, wiped out the carbon emissions saved by Greta Thunberg’s sail across the Atlantic by flying out to the US to help her 1837
WUWT index page for 2019 Dec 1410,412,174
Bank of England Mark Carney to Head a UN Climate Action Effort 670
COP25 – Madrid. Global Carbon Tax Law Has Serious Consequences for Canada and Democracy 640
What if there is no Climate Emergency ? 1645
Delingpole: Greta the Teenage Climate Puppet Goes Full Marxist 1572
Headed to COP25 climate conference 1070
“World War Zero” – John Kerry’s Great Climate Change Mobilization 954
BBC’s One Planet falsely claims that polar bears hunting whales from shore is an unprecedented effect of climate change 810
Climate migration myths 620
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 30410,306,413
Excess costs of UK Weather Dependent Renewable Energy: 2018 653
Insectageddon? Maybe not . . . 730
Geothermal Energy: The Great COP25 Climate Surprise? 1163
Climate change is making horses fat 852
E. coli bacteria engineered to eat carbon dioxide 971
Three Graphs 1303
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 29410,213,684
Alarmists Propose Rebranding ‘Climate Change’ for Greater Shock Value 1862
Black Hole Nurtures Baby Stars a Million Light-Years Away 380
COP25 Press Release: The UN Push for an All Powerful Global Carbon Market 920
Global Storms on Mars Launch Dust Towers Into the Sky 850
Department of Energy Announces $43 Million to Develop Carbon Capture and Storage Technology 900
The five corrupt pillars of climate change denial 3490
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 28410,120,224
Global Warming Claim: More Blockbuster Snowstorms, Less Snow 1170
Thanks – and a note for the future of WUWT 2120
Carbon intensity of power sector down in 2019 330
Claim: China says it’s already met 2020 climate goals 690
Farmers bring central Dublin to a halt with tractor protest 1110
Michael Shellenberger: Apocalypse Cancelled? 1360
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 27410,019,673
Nine climate tipping points now ‘active,’ warn scientists 470
The Spokane MegaCar Crash Up, Snow, and a Warning for Southwest Washington 1080
Guardian Climate emergency: world ‘may have crossed tipping points’ 1400
‘Climate change is a disability rights issue’ 670
Doug Ford ‘proud’ of decision to tear up hundreds of green energy contracts 800
Apocalypse Deferred 501
Climate Activists Aren’t Joking 870
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 26409,911,251
Two major storms impacting the nation this week 760
UN Panic Button: Mass Extinctions By 2100 Even with Paris Agreement Climate Pledges 1250
Alito pens fiery dissent after court declines to hear dispute between climate professor, National Review 1490
Tom Steyer: Climate Change is Scarier than Threats to Democracy 1070
Montney Python’s Frac’ing Circus 770
California Takes Drastic Step Towards Reducing Emissions 1690
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 25409,794,654
No Plan B for Planet A 800
FT: Chinese Nationalists Turn on Climate Messiah Greta Thunberg 1300
Massachusetts Town Votes for Freezing in the Dark 2661
Claim: US Climate Inaction is Driving Pacific Islands to Embrace China 610
Weekly Energy and Climate News Roundup #387 30
More Than 50 Coal Companies Have Been Wiped Out Since Trump’s 2016 Victory 890
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 24409,683,450
A battle for the jet stream is raging above our heads 1430
Scientists find a place on Earth where there is no life 391
Fabulous lectures in Holland done: Munich conference forced to relocate 400
Samoa climate change resilience challenges Western perceptions 750
Stars Are Being Born in the Depths of a Black Hole 1110
Climate Scientists Reduced to Hiding from Climate Thuggery in Germany 1110
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 23409,585,779
How “The Limits to Growth” Broke Australia’s Bipartisan Carbon Tax 950
Mark Hertsgaard is Back. Again. “Covering Climate Now.” 240
Why Worse Wildfires? Part 1 690
The Silly Notion of “Speed Limits for Ships” 1120
How Much Sun Could A Sunshine Shine? 1750
UN phony 1.5 Degree C “temperature limit” scam is kaput 1090
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 22409,497,800
Tesla Pickup Truck Demo Fiasco 2220
Vice Climate Alert: “The Collapse of Civilization May Have Already Begun” 1250
Fossil Fuel Production Plans Shred Paris Agreement Fantasies 530
Bernie Sanders Announces Plan To Prosecute Oil Execs Over Climate Change 1370
Asking if behavior can be changed on climate crisis 1030
“Climate Myths” by John Stossel 1190
WUWT index page for 2019 Nov 21409,405,015
New Report Says Fracking Saved Americans $1.1 Trillion Over Past Decade 420
Tom Steyer Promises to Force Towns to Comply with his Climate Friendly House Building Directives 840
Aussie PM: There is a Link between Bushfires and Global CO2 Emissions 950
Climate Activists Take Over Pelosi’s Office 890
Hubble studies gamma-ray burst with highest energy ever seen 800
Living-in-the-moment mentality and climate crisis concerns 590

Formatting in comments

N.B. The following was written for the old WordPress system, however, WUWT is really running now on Pressable, a similar but different system. Much of the following is out of date, it's also mostly superceded by https://wattsupwiththat.com/test-2/ which is equally out-of-date.

I hope to be working on them soon.

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2019 Jun 17.