Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That?

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some images are links to internal reference pages, some of those, like the ENSO meter, are kept current so are doubly useful. Anthony's lists of other blogs and writings is unique in some go to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the date, title, number of comments, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

The list below has the posts for the last two weeks and are a good way to see which posts have active discussions.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2020 Aug 4426,564,514
In a warming world, New England’s trees are storing more carbon 1515
NPR: “Mounting Evidence” Suggests #COVID19 Not As Deadly as Thought. 178178
The conservative’s guide to acting on climate change 4848
Snowball Mars? 2929
“World War Zero”: Former Republican Governors Demand Action on Climate Change 9898
The Dirty Secrets of “Clean” Electric Vehicles 9191
UAH Global Temperature Update for July 2020: +0.44 deg C 122122
WUWT index page for 2020 Aug 3426,490,165
How Climate Change Panic Costs us Trillions 6544
About Those ‘Green Energy’ Unicorns… 4721
“An obstacle to electoral success”: Aussie Left Feuding Over Climate Policy 478
Phys.org: “Climate change and COVID-19: The denial playbook is the same” 1616
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #418 80
Study: Ancient Volcanic Cooling Caused Wine Producing Towns in the Negev Desert to be Abandoned 394
WUWT index page for 2020 Aug 2426,421,817
NASA sun data helps new model predict big solar flares 210
Pacific Islands must stop relying on foreign aid to adapt to climate change, because the money won’t last 480
Flogging Unreliable Energy By Extension Cord To Singapore Looks Like An Outrageous Fraud 843
EV obsession may catch UK automotive ‘sleeping at the wheel’, says Cambria boss 1072
A favourite lie of the environmental movement takes another blow 15110
Satellite survey shows California’s sinking coastal hotspots 791
WUWT index page for 2020 Aug 1426,352,683
British Academics: Delay is the new Climate Denial 700
Greenland Ice CO2 – Chemical Reactions or Natural Variability? 887
Biden’s false climate promises 500
Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis Takes Another Hit 2469
BBC Radio 4 vs Rush Limbaugh: “How They Made Us Doubt Everything” Episode 6 “Reposition Global Warming as theory, not fact” 644
How to improve climate modeling and prediction 610
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 31426,289,511
Social Scientists Predict Large Imminent Climate Change Drop in GDP and Foreign Aid 490
Surprise! Aussie Bushfire Climate Change Outrage Pivots into an Activist Demand for Cash 300
The Dangers of Narrative Journalism 781
Wired: “Anthony Fauci Explains Why the US Still Hasn’t Beaten Covid” 2971
Increasing Arctic freshwater is driven by climate change 570
Trump Recovers Taxpayer Cash On A $1 Billion Obama-Backed Solar Plant That Was Obsolete Before Ever Going Online 850
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 30426,222,264
Claim: Unwelcome sea change: new research finds coastal flooding may cost up to 20% of global economy by 2100 790
The Guardian: “The Four Types of Climate Denier…” 1671
North Atlantic climate far more predictable following major scientific breakthrough 1110
ALERT: Warmist Eric Holthaus admits it: ‘The climate emergency isn’t about science, it’s about justice’ 1550
A snapshot of melting Arctic sea ice during the summer of 2018 1050
Mars Perseverance Rover opens daily launch window on Thursday, July 30, at 7:50 a.m. EDT. 400
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 29426,148,574
Turtle-paced Recoveries 510
UK Academics Advocate Silencing Dissent on Climate Change and Covid-19 1430
The Deadliest Animal in the World 1263
Hump Day Hilarity – BANNED by Big Tech 3200
Academic Freedom VS JCU: Reef Scientist Peter Ridd Vows to Fight On 620
Six good years in a row for the polar bear subpopulation used to predict species demise 510
What Greta missed from skipping school: Presentation by Willie Soon 440
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 28426,063,042
Peter Gleick Sticks Up for Malthusianism 1120
Food Security in a Post-Covid World 680
Guardian: Funding Artists Could Save Us from Covid-19 580
Dr Stella Immanuel V Dr. Fauci-TKO. HCQ Championed. 6080
Court Decision: Interim Social Cost of Greenhouse Gas Metric 350
BBC Climate Documentary: “How they Made Us Doubt Everything” 1460
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 27425,960,957
If Facebook is any indicator, @RealDonaldTrump will win #2020Election by a blowout 3720
Admission: Climate Litigation is Tool to Make Industry Bend a Knee 430
Why herd immunity to COVID-19 is reached much earlier than thought – update 1420
New evidence that an extraterrestrial collision 12,800 years ago triggered an abrupt climate change for Earth 2334
Mediterranean Sea was 2 degrees hotter during Roman Empire 870
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #417 70
One Fish, Two Fish, Sturddlefish 850
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 26425,879,091
Alaska is getting wetter. That’s bad news for permafrost and the climate 800
FT: Big Fund Managers are Demanding Climate Action. But the USA is Leading a Pushback 540
Is the demise of polar bears being exaggerated to keep extinction panic alive? 1140
UK Journo Embarrasses Green Transport Minister 820
Greta Takes a Side 980
Mystery Mislabeled Seed Packets from China Being Received in Utah and Virginia 1250
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 25425,797,656
Slate: The First Undeniable Climate Change Deaths 710
Does Universal Mask Wearing Decrease or Increase the Spread of COVID-19? 4260
UNSW Report Mixes Climate Change with Chinese Legal Reform 320
Humans inhabited North America in the depths of the last Ice Age, but didn’t thrive until the climate warmed 2200
Citizen science at heart of new study showing COVID-19 seismic noise reduction 210
Chaos and Weather 1352
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 24425,737,034
Settled Science? New Climate Study Shifts the Goalposts to 2.6-3.9C 1433
Lawsuit: Aussie Government Not Applying Climate Disclosure Rules to Government Bonds 500
Modern Ancient Temperatures 1470
Democrats’ Green New Deal would make US reliance on China much worse 920
Michael Schellenberger: “Apocalypse Never” Slide Deck 540
When a bird changes its song . . . 860
WUWT index page for 2020 Jul 23425,676,244
Australia Considers a New Household Solar Energy “Export” Tax 1230
Site Move Cancelled 1880
University Appeal Upheld, Peter Ridd Loses – We all Lose 920
The Media is Now Opinion-Checking 1220
NYT Slams Bjørn Lomborg’s New Climate Economics Book 1150

Formatting in comments

N.B. The following was written for the old WordPress system, however, WUWT is really running now on Pressable, a similar but different system. Much of the following is out of date, it's also mostly superceded by https://wattsupwiththat.com/test-2/ which is equally out-of-date.

I hope to be working on them soon.

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2019 Jun 17.